Cross-country ski trails in Norway and resorts with downhill ski runs are the most popular destinations for travelers. Mountain climbing, bird watching, glacier hiking and fishing can also be enjoyed in the vast wilderness of Norway. Oslo is a city that caters to outdoor enthusiasts but when looking for a change of pace many notable museums and monuments are available.
Situated far from centres of culture such as Florence, Rome and Paris, Norway has often been isolated from major European cultural trends and developments. Yet a strong culture was flourishing here from at least the ninth century.
Findings from burial sites indicate that the Vikings were great shipbuilders with a strongly-developed artistic tradition represented in crafts, wood carving and jewellery. Significantly, these skills were also passed on to those parts of Europe which they occupied. The beautifully-decorated stave churches built after Christianity was introduced into Norway also underscore the artistic abilities of the Norwegian people. The Gothic cathedral of Trondheim, known as Nidarosdomen, represents a golden age of Norwegian cultural development. It was the last monument to be erected before the dark era in which nearly half the population was wiped out by bubonic plague and Norway ceased to be an independent state.
Over 99% of the 4. 3m population of Norway speak the official language, Norwegian. Norwegian has 2 written forms, "Bokmal" (Book Norwegian) and "Nynorsk" (New Norwegian) and they enjoy the same legal recognition, although "Bokmal" is increasingly more common. Minority languages include Finnish, spoken by 0. 2% of the population, mainly in the northern region of Finnmark, as well as "Sami", a language closely related to Finnish, spoken by 0. 9% of the Norwegian population.
For breakfast most Norwegians eat open sandwiches with butter and jam, cheese or some kind of meat in slices on top. We most often drink milk for breakfast. Our milk comes from cows, and it is very healthy. But we do not only eat bread, we eat cereals, too. It is not usual to eat a hot meal for breakfast in Norway.
Students eat lunch at school around noon. We bring open sandwiches from home and buy cold, fresh milk to drink. We do not receive any hot meals at school as you might do. We are responsible for our own food. If we forget to bring our lunch, we buy some food at the nearest grocery store in town.
We usually eat dinner around five o'clock. What we eat is different from season to season, from family to family. Most families eat fish twice a week or more. We do not eat it raw as you do, we either boil it or fry it.
Most towns have shops selling Norwegian handicrafts. Silversmiths and potteries are numerous and worth visiting. Traditional items include printed textiles, woven articles, knitwear, woodcarving, silver, enamel, pewter, glass and porcelain.
VAT, known as MOMS, is levied at 25% on most goods. You can obtain tax-free cheques from any of the 3, 000 shops carrying the sticker ‘Tax free for tourists'. These shops save visitors 11 to 18% of the price paid by residents. VAT refunds are paid in cash at airports, ferries, cruise ships and border crossings.
Norway is expensive. You’ll pay for everything from coffee refills to crossing bridges and using tunnels, from visiting churches to answering nature’s call in public toilets.
If you stay in camping grounds (or, even better, camp in the open air – see p000) and prepare your own meals, you could squeeze by on around Nkr200 to Nkr220 per person per day. Staying in hostels that include breakfast (or eating breakfast at a bakery), having lunch at an inexpensive restaurant and picking up supermarket items for dinner, you can probably manage on Nkr350 per day.
Staying at a hotel that includes a buffet breakfast, eating a light lunch and an evening meal at a moderately priced restaurant, you can expect to spend at least Nkr600 per person per day if you’re doubling up and Nkr750 if you’re travelling alone. Once you factor in transport (a rail pass significantly reduces costs but rail lines don’t extend north beyond Bodø), entertainment (concert and cinema tickets usually start from Nkr50, but can be Nkr150) and alcohol (nightclub cover charges start from Nkr70), you’ll find yourself struggling to keep within a Nkr1000 daily limit.
The currency (valuta in Norwegian) of Norway is
Krone - NOK. The plural form is kroner.
One krone (1. 00 NOK/1. 00 kr. ) is 100 øre (singular and plural are the same).
In the past, Norway had smaller denominations of banknotes (paper money), such as - 1 kr. (en krone),
5 kr. fem kroner), 10 kr. (ti kroner) and 20 kr. (tjue kroner. These bills are now out of circulation - and have been replaced with coins.
Kongeriket Norge (nynorsk: Kongeriket Noreg) er et nordisk, europeisk land og en selvstendig stat vest på den skandinaviske halvøy. Landet er langt og smalt, og kysten strekker seg langs Nordatlanteren med havområder som Skagerrak, Nordsjøen, Norskehavet og Barentshavet, hvor også Norges kjente fjorder befinner seg. Totalt dekker det relativt tynt befolkede landet kvadratkilometer med litt over fem millioner innbyggere. Det politiske styret er konstitusjonelt monarki med parlamentarisk demokrati. Norge er et EØS-land og deltar både i Schengen og Dublin-samarbeidet, men står utenfor EU.
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